Canada Pension Plan Disability
Canada Pension Plan Disability (CPP-D) is a federal disability benefits program administered by Service Canada.
This program was designed for Canadians who have worked and made enough contributions to the Canada Pension Plan who find themselves unable to regularly work any job due to disability.
Unlike the Disability Tax Credit (which only concerns itself with the individuals ability to perform activities of daily living in the home or community) the CPP-D program is primarily interested in how the disability affects your ability to work.
The criteria laid out by Service Canada indicates that the disability must be both "severe" and "prolonged" and that the person is not able to do any job, not just the job they had previously.
It can be a daunting task to have to prove to the government that your disability prevents you from finding gainful employment, and many individuals are denied on their first application, as well as the reconsideration and appeal stages.